Learn more about food resources for Older Americans during COVID-19
This one page brief highlights changes to Federal Nutrition Assistance programs and how they relate to Older Adults during COVID-19.
Free Online Course to Help Health Care Providers Address Hunger Among Older Adults
Screen and Intervene: Addressing Food Insecurity Among Older Adults
In just 60 minutes, health care providers and community-based partners can learn how to screen patients age 50 and older for food insecurity and connect them to key nutrition resources like the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP).
课程开发的压裂和AARP Foundation, is approved for 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™ (MDs and DOs). All other learners can download a certificate of participation upon completion of the course. See the course for more information.
Too many of our nation’s older adults struggle against hunger. In 2019, 8.9 percent – 4.8 million – of people aged 65 and over lived in poverty in the United States. Millions more households with seniors face marginal food security.
One in 10 of the nation’s 43.8 million households with adults（60岁以上）参加了2012 - 2016年间平均补充营养援助计划（SNAP）。
SNAP Matters to Seniors factsheetsare available for every state.
Follow this link toadditional senior hunger resourcesin FRAC’s Resource Library.
- In 2019, 8.9% – 4.8 million – of people age 65 and over in the United States lived in poverty.1
- In 2019, 2.9 million food-insecure households included an adult age 65 or older. This represents 7.2% of all households with an older adult (65+).2
- 1.3 million adults age 65 or older (8.7%) who lived alone were food insecure in 2019, and approximately one million of these older adults were experiencing very low food insecurity.3
- SNAP benefited approximately 5.1 million households with at least one older adult (60+) in FY 2018.4Even so, millions of eligible older adults miss out on SNAP.5
1Semega，J.，Kollar，M.，Shrider。E.和Creamer，J.（2020）Current Population Reports, Income and Poverty in the United States: 2019. U.S. Census Bureau
2Coleman-Jensen, A., Rabbitt, M. P., Gregory, C. A., & Singh, A. (2020).Household food security in the United States in 2019. Economic Research Report, 275. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
4Cronquist, K. (2020).补充营养援助计划户的特点：2018财年. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service.
5FRAC Interactive Map: SNAP Participation Rates Among Eligible Seniors (Age 60+) in an Average Month in FY 2015.
6Cronquist, K. Characteristics
SNAP is the first line of defense against senior hunger.
为什么Snap facters for SeniorsThe Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP):
- provides seniors with significant food purchasing power every month of the year.
- improves food insecurity and health, helping seniors to maintain their independence.
- reaches by far and away more seniors than any of the federal nutrition programs available to seniors.
In addition to SNAP, seniors could be eligible for additional federal programs depending on their income, health status, age, and whether the program is available in their area.
- Barriers related to mobility
One of the key strategies to addressing hunger among older adults is to连接更多符合条件的老年人. To improve participation, FRAC is working to remove barriers facing older adults through federal legislation that will improve benefit levels, and by partnering with state officials, advocates, service providers and other stakeholders to strengthen state policies.
Source:Trends in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation Rates: Fiscal Year 2010 to Fiscal Year 2017. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service.
Risk Factors for Food Insecurity Among Older Adults某些老年人食品风险更高nsecurity than others. Research shows that food insecurity rates tend to be higher among older adults who are:
- Low income
- Separated or divorced, or never married
- Grandchild present
- Living with chronic diseases
Jih, J., Stijacic-Cenzer, I., Seligman, H. K., Boscardin, W. J., Nguyen, T. T., & Ritchie, C. S. (2018). Chronic disease burden predicts food insecurity among older adults. Public Health Nutrition, 21(9), 1737–1742.
Jackson, J. A., Branscum, A., Tang, A., & Smit, E. (2019). Food insecurity and physical functioning limitations among older U.S. adults. Preventive Medicine Reports, 14, 100829.
Heflin, C. M., Altman, C. E., & Rodriguez, L. L. (2019). Food insecurity and disability in the United States. Disability and Health Journal, 12(2), 220–226.
与孩子一起生活的老年人Older adults may reside in a household with children under 18 years of age (e.g., their own children, grandchildren), which can increase the likelihood of experiencing food insecurity. Parents and caregivers often try to protect children from food insecurity by, for example, sacrificing their own food and nutrition needs so that the children can eat.
- Rates of household food insecurity are at least two times higher among households with a grandchild present (compared to households without a grandchild present).
Do, D., Rodgers, R., & Rivera Drew, J. A. (2015). Multigenerational families and food insecurity in the United States, 1998-2013. Integrated Health Interview Series, Data Brief No. 1.
Other Federal Nutrition Programs for SeniorsIn addition to SNAP, seniors could be eligible foradditional federal programsdepending on their income, health status, age, and whether the program is available in their area.